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This week we go over our thoughts on soybeans for the rest of this year and for 2021.  Soybeans could be tight this year and next if we don’t plant over 90mm acres this spring. There is going to be a lot of trading and marketing opportunity in the grain markets for at least the next few months and possibly into the summer.  Make sure you take a listen to this week’s Turner’s Take Podcast

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On the podcast today we look at the 2020-21 and 2021-22 soybeans.  Below is a soybean table for old crop, new crop, and next year’s crop.  For new crop I have ending stocks at 244mm bushels and the USDA is at 290mm.  Soybean exports are 90mm ahead of pace based on current USDA estimates so I increased exports and down came ending stocks.  At a 250mm carryout and 5% stock/usage, soybeans should be trading over $10 and testing $11 on weather rallies or strong demand increases.

South America needs to have a good crop or we are going to have to price ratio for the rest of the marketing year.  It is dry in Brazil and Argentina.  La Nina is part of the reason.  Rains are in the forecast for central and northern Brazil.  Southern Brazil and Argentina still look dry.  Stocks are already so tight in Brazil that they are going to lift their 8% import tax on grains and oilseeds.  China cleaned them out during the tariffs period.  It is possible that Brazil may import from the US to meet demand until their harvest in early 2021.

In the mean time any serious weather scare that can reduced production will lead to strong rallies.  If South America loses 5% of soybean production, which is within the range of possibilities in a La Nina year, that is about 500mm bushels.  If have of that comes back to the US in the form of export demand we wipe out all existing stocks. That can’t happen.  In order to make sure that doesn’t happen the market rallies and that is what we call price rationing.  This is the scenario when “beans are in the teens.”

That is just the 2020-21 crop.  Now take a look at the 2021-22 crop.  The US planted 83mm acres of soybeans last season.  In 2021 the US needs to plant at least 90mm acres to keep ending stocks the same year-over-year.  That is a 7mm acre increase.  Corn is over $4.  SRW Wheat is over $6.  Those are good prices and now soybeans needs to gain 7mm acres minimum.  I’ll focus on corn next week and wheat the week after.  You’ll see that it will be hard for soybeans to gain more than a few acres from those crops.  There was about 5mm acres this year not planted that usually go to corn or soybeans.  Soybeans needs to take all 5mm of those (when corn is over $4) and then needs to steal a few more or bring more land into production.

On top of that, we need trend line or better in 2021-22 not to be tight.  Moral of the story – soybeans should be well supported for at least a few months.  Declines to the 200 day moving average should be bought.  Weather issues in South America will lead to rallies.  Chinese demand will lead to rallies.  US weather issues will lead to rallies this spring and summer.  A lot has to happen between now and this time next year to just keep soybeans reasonably tight.

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Craig Turner – Commodity Futures Broker
Turner’s Take Ag Marketing: https://www.turnerstakeag.com
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Twitter: @Turners_Take

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Risk Disclosure

This material is conveyed as a solicitation for entering into a derivatives transaction.

This material has been prepared by a Daniels Trading broker who provides research market commentary and trade recommendations as part of his or her solicitation for accounts and solicitation for trades; however, Daniels Trading does not maintain a research department as defined in CFTC Rule 1.71. Daniels Trading, its principals, brokers and employees may trade in derivatives for their own accounts or for the accounts of others. Due to various factors (such as risk tolerance, margin requirements, trading objectives, short term vs. long term strategies, technical vs. fundamental market analysis, and other factors) such trading may result in the initiation or liquidation of positions that are different from or contrary to the opinions and recommendations contained therein.

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About Craig Turner

Craig Turner is a Senior Broker at Daniels Trading, author of Turner’s Take newsletter, and a Contributing Editor for Grain Analyst. Craig is often quoted in the Wall Street Journal, Reuters, Dow Jones Newswire, Corn & Soybean Digest, and also makes appearances on SiriusXM – Rural Radio Channel 80 providing commentary for the Grain and Livestock markets. Craig has also been featured in FutureSource’s Fast Break series, Futures Magazine Online, and INO.com. Mr. Turner has a Bachelors from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) where he graduated with honors and has worked at the NYSE and Goldman Sachs. While at Goldman, Craig earned his MBA in the NYU Stern executive program. Learn more about Craig Turner.

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